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Bientina

Copyright © Apt Pisa The town of Bientina

Bientina (ZIP code 56031) is 26,3 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Bientina has a population of 6.115 inhabitants (Bientinesi) and a surface of 29,24 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 209,13 inhabitants per square kilometer.

It rises 10 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Vittorio Emanuele III 53, phone ++39 0587 - 758411, fax ++39 0587 - 756746: the E-Mail address is protocollo@comune.bientina.pi.it.

Population: The municipality of Bientina had a popolation of 5.291 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 6.115 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 15,57% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 2.273 families with an average of 2,69 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 5 and 69 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 64 metres.

Copyright © Apt Pisa A paronamic view of Vittorio Emanuele Square

Work and workers:There are 263 industrial firms employing 1.921 people that are the 60,11% of the total of the workers. There are 207 service firms employing 512 people that are the 16,02% of the total of the workers. There are also 179 firms employing 541 people that are the 16,93% of the total of the workers. There are also 44 administrative offices emplying 222 workers that are the 6,95% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 3.196 workers, that are the 52,26% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Bientina rises in the plain extending along the right bank of the Arno river, along the slopes of the Pisano mount.

Copyright © Apt Pisa The Church of San Domenico

The local economy is mainly based on the agriculture and on the activity of numerous industries for the furnitures production.

The place name is related to the Latin proper name of person "Blintina" or "Blentina", coming this latter from the Etruscan proper name "Plitine".

The first historical data of the village of Bientina go back to a document dating back to 793 A. C., in which is quoted the donation of part of the territory to the Bishopric of Lucca, whereas a successive document dating back to 1117 quotes the purchase of another part of the territory by the Archbishopric of Pisa.

At the end of the XII-th century Bientina was under the jurisdiction of Pisa. The building of a castle and the fortification of the village by a ring of walls, equipped with high towers, go back to that time.

From the XIII-th century began a severe conflict between Lucca and Pisa for the quarrel of the village of Bientina that ended in the next century with the intervention of the Republic of Florence. This latter defeated the army of Pisa and Lucca and conquered the village.

Copyright © Apt Pisa Etruscan Museum

Along the next century the Pisans, being defeated by the Florentines, organized again their military forces and, supported by the army of the Spanish king, invaded the territory of Bientina.

The inhabitants of Bientina repelled bravely the Pisan attack and thus the Republic of Florence granted them some privileges as a sign of gratitude.

During the Xvi-th century, owing to the collapse of the Republic of Pisa, the whole area once dominated by the Pisans passed to Florence, being this latter previously transformed into the so called Tuscan Grand Dukedom.

From then Bientina was under the jurisdiction of the Medici's Grand Dukedom that, with Cosimo I of Medici, started the first works for the reclamation of the marshy land, being this latter previously formed because of the periodical flows of the Arno river. Those works also consisted of a deviation of the river course.

During the XVIII-th century Bientina passed to the Lorena's Dukes, whose policy leaded the local economy to a great improvement. The Lorena's policy aimed both to reclaim the territory and to set the urban water system.

Copyright © Apt Pisa Quarters Horse Race

During the Lorena's domination was completed the drainage of the close Lake of Bientina that, during the centuries, subdued the flows of the Arno river becoming an unhealthy marshy area.

In 1861 Bientina was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Bientina we point out here the Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta (Our Lady Assumption Church), the Chiesa di San Domenico (Saint Domenico Church) and the Chiesa di San Girolamo (Saint Girolamo Church), today hosting the "Etruscan Museum".

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Bientina we remind here the traditional "Quarters Horse Race" held yearly on the beginning of July. The celebrations consists of a horse race, to which the ten quarters in which the town is divided take part, and of a historical parade in Medieval costumes.