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Buti

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Buti

Buti (ZIP code 56032) is 27,2 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Buti has a population of 5.430 inhabitants (Butesi) and a surface of 23,08 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 235,27 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 85 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Danielli 5, phone ++39 0587 - 722511, fax ++39 0587 - 723784: the E-Mail address is ufficio.turismo.buti@virgilio.it.

Population: The municipality of Buti had a popolation of 5.201 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 5.430 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 4,40% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 2.062 families with an average of 2,63 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 10 and 910 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 900 metres.

Work and workers:There are 114 industrial firms employing 492 people that are the 41,48% of the total of the workers. There are 99 service firms employing 199 people that are the 16,78% of the total of the workers. There are also 99 firms employing 262 people that are the 22,09% of the total of the workers. There are also 34 administrative offices emplying 233 workers that are the 19,65% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.186 workers, that are the 21,84% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Buti rises along the eastern slopes of the Pisani mountains.

The economy of the town is based on the agriculture and mainly on the olive and oil productions. Remarkable are also the restoration of ancient furniture and the mechanical and water industries.

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The Theatre of Buti

Probably the place name comes from the Latin word "bucita" that literally means "pasture of ox".

The presence of some settlements in the territory of Buti was testified for the first time in an official document dating back to 1068, when Buti was known as an important fortified centre having numerous castles, whose remains are still visible today.

In 1138 the village was under the jurisdiction of the Pisa’s bishops and it was under the domination of the Republic of Pisa up to the end of the XV-th century. During the Pisa’s domination Buti subdued the consequences of the conflicts raised between the faction of the Ghuelps (Papacy’s supporters) and the Ghibellines (Empire’s supporters).

Since the end of 1400 Buti belonged to the Florentine Republic and from then started an economic development concerning of agricultural activities.

During the Florentine domination the manufacture of chestnut was improved for the production of baskets and was promoted the olive oil production that raised the development of the trades.

At that time developed the job of the "borracciaio" (oil-bottle man) who used to go to the cities of Empoli, Livorno, Lucca and Florence and sell the oil coming from Buti.

Owing to the coming of the Lorena’s Dukes to the power, at the beginning of XVIII-th century, the agricultural activities increased thanks to the reclamation of the territory carried out by the Dukes.

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A particular of Buti

The Lorena’s Dukes had the control of Buti up to the French domination.

In 1861 Buti was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Buti we point out here the Duomo di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Cathedral), the Chiesa dell’Ascensione (Ascension’s Church), the Chiesa di San Francesco (Saint Francis Church), the Chiesa di San Rocco (Saint Rocco Church), the Chiesa di San Nicolao (Saint Nicolao Church), the Castel Tonini (Tonini Castel), the Castel di Farneta (Farneta’s Castle) and the remains of the Castel di Nocco (Nocco’s Castle).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Buti we remind here the traditional "Palio di Sant’Antonio" (Saint Anthony Horse Race) held yearly on the first Sunday after January 17th. The celebration consists of a historical parade and a horse race involving all the quarters of Buti.