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Cascina (ZIP code 56021) is 17,5 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Cascina has a population of 38.356 inhabitants (Cascinesi) and a surface of 79,23 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 484,11 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 8 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Corso Matteotti 90, phone ++39 050 - 719111, fax ++39 050 - 719267: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Cascina had a popolation of 36.301 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 38.356 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 5,66% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 14.404 families with an average of 2,66 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 1 and 16 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 15 metres.
Work and workers:There are 929 industrial firms employing 3.387 people that are the 36,09% of the total of the workers. There are 815 service firms employing 2.117 people that are the 22,56% of the total of the workers. There are also 627 firms employing 2.297 people that are the 24,48% of the total of the workers. There are also 143 administrative offices emplying 1.583 workers that are the 16,87% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 9.384 workers, that are the 24,47% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Cascina rises along the plain extending along the left bank of the Arno river.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of vegetables, fruits and on the activity of numerous textile, shoe making and furniture industries.
There are different hypothesis about the etymology of the place name: according to someone it could come from "cassina" or "casina", with the meaning of "country house", whereas according to other ones it could come from one of the two following proper names of people, the Etruscan "Cassina" or the Latin "Cassenius".
The birth of the village occurred during the Early Middle Ages, when the Saint Mary Parish was founded and around it the community gathered. The formation and consolidation of the actual village occurred during the XII-th century.
Since the beginning the village was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Pisan Bishopric, who held the control along the next three centuries, during which Cascina subdued the consequences deriving from the being placed at the boundary with the city of Florence.
At the end of the XIII-th century the territory was invaded by the army of the city of Lucca that devastated some buildings and the ancient Saint Mary Parish.
Due to this fact the Pisans started to fortify the village that, at the end of the next century, was equipped with a ring of walls and numerous sighting towers thus becoming a fortified fortress of the Republic of Pisa able to face the hostile attacks.
At the same time the Republic of Florence started its policy of territorial expansion and conquered all the close territories and, after a long siege, the village of Cascina was conquered at the beginning of the XV-th century by the Florentines.
Under the Florentine domination Cascina became one of the most important Podestà's seats of the Florentine countryside starting to enjoy a great economic importance. At the end of the XV-th century the community organized a series of rebellions against the Florentine power aiming to restore the Pisan power but all the rebellions were regularly repressed by the Florentines.
During the next centuries the village was governed first by the Medici's Grand Dukes and the by then Lorena's Dukes, and became an important agricultural centre.
Thanks to the Lorena's reforms, mainly aiming to reclaim the territory, the village increased its economic importance and at the beginning of the XIX-th century it developed some flourishing trading activities, being this latter promoted from the closeness to the important road joining the cities of Florence and Pisa.
In 1861 Cascina was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Cascina we point out here the Pieve di Santa Maria (Saint Mary Parish), the Oratorio di San Giovanni (Saint John Oratory), the Oratorio di Santa Croce (Holy Cross Oratory), the Palazzo Stefanini (Stefanini Palace) and the Torre Civica (Civic Tower).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Cascina we remind the traditional "Market" held yearly on the first Sundays from October to June, during which it is possible to admire antiques and local artistic craftsmanship, and the "Lunatica" held yearly from July to September by taking place musical, theatrical and folkloristic shows.