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Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina

Copyright © Municipality of Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
The town of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina

Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina (ZIP code 56041) is 110,1 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina has a population of 2.489 inhabitants (Castelnuovini) and a surface of 88,89 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 28,00 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 576 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via G. Verdi 13, phone ++39 0588 - 23511, fax ++39 0588 - 20727: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comunedicastelnuovovdc.it.

Population: The municipality of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina had a popolation of 2.678 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.489 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -7,06% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.124 families with an average of 2,21 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 137 and 875 metres above sea level.

Copyright © Municipality of Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
The church of San Salvatore

The altimetric spawn is thus of 738 metres.

Work and workers:There are 48 industrial firms employing 177 people that are the 29,45% of the total of the workers. There are 47 service firms employing 88 people that are the 14,64% of the total of the workers. There are also 47 firms employing 127 people that are the 21,13% of the total of the workers. There are also 38 administrative offices emplying 209 workers that are the 34,78% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 601 workers, that are the 24,15% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina rises on the Metallifere hills, extending between the valley of the Cecina river and the valley of Cornia river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, fodders, grape and on the activity of the geothermal-electrical industries for the exploit of the boric acid fumaroles.

The place name probably comes from the compound of "Castelnuovo", with reference to a castle of most recent building than another one placed in the same area, and of "Val di Cecina", with reference to the valley along which the town rises.

Copyright © Municipality of Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
Terme Etrusche del Bagnone

The first human traces in the area of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina go back to the Neolithic Age but the first residential settlements formed during the Etruscan and Roman Ages. The Romans also built in the area the first thermal baths.

The real consolidation of the village of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina occurred during the Middle Ages, when the first religious buildings were built, whose around the community gathered.

Since the XI-th century the village was under the jurisdiction of the Alberti's Counts, who held the control up to the XIII-th century, when the community reached its municipal autonomy, dur to the intervention of the town of Volterra.

During the next centuries the village of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina was quarrelled between the Alberti's Counts and the town of Volterra, wanting both of them to conquer the territory in order to profit of the mineral resources of which Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina was rich.

At the beginning of the XV-th century the Republic of Florence conquered the whole area and annexed it to its countryside, under the Medici's Grand Dukes. Due to this latter the village of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina became a famous holiday resort.

Copyright © Municipality of Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
Cappella di Sant'Ottaviano

During the XVIII-th century the village of Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina passed by heritance to the Lorena's Dukes who in 1776 elevated it to the rank of autonomous common. The Lorena's domination marked up a phase of economic rebirth for the village in which, starting from the next century, the first industries were built in order to exploit the boric acid fumaroles.

In 1861 Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina we point out here the Chiesa dei Santi Giacomo e Filippo (Saints Giacomo and Philip Church), the Complesso Termale Etrusco-Romano (Etruscan-Roman Thermal Baths), the Castello (Castle) and the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina we remind the "Chestnuts Festival" held yearly during the last weekend of October. During the festival it is possible to taste the good chestnuts-made courses cooked according to the local traditional recipes.