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Montecatini Val di Cecina

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Montecatini Val di Cecina

Montecatini Val di Cecina (ZIP code 56040) is 88,2 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Montecatini Val di Cecina has a population of 2.002 inhabitants (Montecatinesi) and a surface of 155,19 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 12,90 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 416 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Roma 1, phone ++39 0588 - 31611, fax ++39 0588 - 31615: the E-Mail address is info@comune.montecatini.pi.it.

Population: The municipality of Montecatini Val di Cecina had a popolation of 2.178 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.002 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -8,08% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 847 families with an average of 2,36 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 24 and 655 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 631 metres.

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Miniera Caporciano - Montecatini Val di Cecina

Work and workers:There are 46 industrial firms employing 169 people that are the 38,15% of the total of the workers. There are 62 service firms employing 134 people that are the 30,25% of the total of the workers. There are also 54 firms employing 131 people that are the 29,57% of the total of the workers. There are also 4 administrative offices emplying 9 workers that are the 2,03% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 443 workers, that are the 22,13% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Montecatini Val di Cecina rises along the south-eastern side of the "La Croce" hillock.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits. vine grape, olives and on the activity of numerous industries for the plaster manufacturing.

The place name comes from the compound of "monte", with reference to its high position, and of the Latin proper name of person "Catinius", to which the specification "Val di Cecina" was added, with reference to the close valley of Cecina river where the town rises.

The first settlements in the area of Montecatini Val di Cecina go back to the Roman Age, as tesified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light and dating back to that time.

During the Roman domination, the territory of Montecatini Val di Cecina was used as military zone where it is supposed that occurred the battle against the Etruscan town of Volterra.

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A Church of San Leone Magno

After the collapse of the Roman Empire and the successive coming of the Barbarians to Tuscany, the territory was left. It repopulated just during the Middle Ages.

The birth and consolidation of the actual village occurred during the Middle Ages, when, around the X-th century, the Belforti's powerful feudatories, tied to the emperor Ottone I, made a castle built, whose around the local community started to gather and build its houses.

An official document dating back to the end of the same century tesfifies the existence of the village and its being under the direct jurisdiction of the Bishopric of Volterra.

This latter dominated the village of Montecatini Val di Cecina up to the middle of the XIV-th century, when it passed under the direct influence of the town of Volterra, after being united to the close locality of Gabbreto.

Due to its geographical position, the village of Montecatini Val di Cecina was far from the important roads along which flourishing trading activities took place. This was an advantage in order to escape the conflicts that, starting from the XV-th century, raged among the powerful cities of the time but for the same reason the town could not enjoy the advantages coming from those flourishing trading activites.

At the end of the XV-th century the village of Montecatini Val di Cecina was conquered by the Republic of Florence and annexed to the domains of its countryside, being first under the domination of the Medici's Grand Dukes and then under that one of the Lorena's Dukes.

Since the beginning the community of Montecatini Val di Cecina carried out a rural economy and just after the Unity of Italy, the village got a considerable economic and population impulse thanks to the development of the mining activities.

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Miniera - Montecatini Val di Cecina

In 1861 Montecatini Val di Cecina was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Montecatini Val di Cecina we point out here the Chiesa di San Biagio (Saint Biagio Church), the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace) and the Torre dei Belforti (Belforti's Tower).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Montecatini Val di Cecina we remind the "Fair of Montecatini" held yearly on September and where it is possible both to admire the beautiful local crafts and to taste the fine typical local courses.