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Agliana

Photo © Municipality of Agliana
Agliana

Agliana (ZIP code 51031) is 9,2 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Agliana has a population of 14.614 inhabitants (Aglianesi) and a surface of 11,64 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 1.255,50 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 42 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Resistenza 2, phone ++39 0574 - 6781, fax ++39 0574 - 678200: the E-Mail address is urp@comune.agliana.pt.it.

Population: The municipality of Agliana had a popolation of 13.410 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 14.614 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 8,98% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 5.183 families with an average of 2,82 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 39 and 51 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 12 metres.

Work and workers:There are 811 industrial firms employing 3.275 people that are the 64,27% of the total of the workers. There are 284 service firms employing 720 people that are the 14,13% of the total of the workers. There are also 241 firms employing 871 people that are the 17,09% of the total of the workers. There are also 59 administrative offices emplying 230 workers that are the 4,51% of the total of the workers.

Photo © Municipality of Agliana
Church of San Nicolo

There is a total of 5.096 workers, that are the 34,87% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Agliana rises along the plane lying between the Agna and Ombrone rivers.

Agliana is an agricultural centre but also the industrial activities of the wool, furniture and craftsmanship farmers are remarkable.

The etymology about the place name is doubtful: according to some people, the name of Agliana comes from the Latin word "Allius" and later was added to the name the suffix "-anus" with reference to some rural land, whereas according to other people Agliana is the Roman town once known as "Helliana", whereas other ones suppose that the place name comes from the name of the Agna torrent flowing its land.

It is supposed that Agliana was populated during the Roman Age and during the Middle Ages the town was also known with the name of "Alina".

The real consolidation of the residential settlements occurred during the Middle Ages. At that time Agliana was first under the Guidi Counts' jurisdiction and then it passed to the Cathedral of Pistoia, under the Pazzi's jurisdiction.

Photo © Municipality of Agliana
Church of Spedalino

In 1325 Agliana was under the domination of the captain Castruccio Castracani, who built a tower from where he moved to besiege Pistoia.

Agliana subdued the sack operated by the Royal army leaded by Giovanni Boemia and in 1401 Agliana became possession of the Florentine Republic.

Under the Florentine domination the Podestà's seat of Agliana was joined to the one of Montale but the town saved its autonomy. At that time the Florentines started the first works for the reclamation of the territory thus promoting the agricultural cultivations growing.

During the Medici's domination Agliana experienced both a great economic and population increase. The town had an important role in trade, thanks to its position nearby the so called "Via Cassia", joining the cities of Pistoia, Florence and Lucca.

After the Medici's Grand Dukedom, the Lorena's Dukes came to the power of Agliana. They continued to reclaim the territory, promoting an additional economic development.

Photo © Municipality of Agliana
Church of Agliana

In 1776 Leopoldo of Lorena issued a decree to confirm the effective union of the towns of Agliana and Montale. In spite of the several rebellions against that decree, Agliana got again its autonomy only after the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Agliana we point out here the Chiesa di San Michele (Saint Michael Church), the Chiesa di Spedalino (Spedalino Church), the Chiesa di San Niccolò (Saint Nicholas Church), the Chiesa di San Pierreo (Saint Pierre Church) and the Tower.

Among the many celebrations taking periodically place in Agliana we remind here the "Antique Fair" held yearly on November 7th.