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Buggiano

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Buggiano

Buggiano (ZIP code 51011) is 28,1 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Buggiano has a population of 8.025 inhabitants (Buggianesi) and a surface of 16,12 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 497,83 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 41 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Matteotti 6, phone ++39 0572 - 31711, fax ++39 0572 - 32029: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.buggiano.pt.it.

Population: The municipality of Buggiano had a popolation of 7.559 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 8.025 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 6,16% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 3.063 families with an average of 2,62 people per family.

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Porta San Martino

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 16 and 628 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 612 metres.

Work and workers:There are 257 industrial firms employing 842 people that are the 35,54% of the total of the workers. There are 237 service firms employing 571 people that are the 24,10% of the total of the workers. There are also 253 firms employing 803 people that are the 33,90% of the total of the workers. There are also 54 administrative offices emplying 153 workers that are the 6,46% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 2.369 workers, that are the 29,52% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Buggiano rises along a hilly position placed in the Valdinievole area.

The local economy is mainly based on the activity of numerous industries working in the mechanical field and in building material, furniture, clothes and shoes production.

The place name probably comes from the Latin proper name of person "Abudius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added to indicate "belonging".

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Buggiano

Due to its hilly position, since ancient times the territory was populated because it was considered as a strategic place from which to control the important road joining the cities of Florence and Lucca.

The locality is quoted for the first time in an official document dating back to 979, testifying the Longbard domination during the Early Middle Ages.

The real consolidation of the village of Buggiano occurred starting from the X-th century, when the community started to build its own houses on the hills and later going building downhill.

During the XII-th century Buggiano reached its municipal autonomy, giving itself its own statutes. At the end of the same century the village was governed by a Podestà.

During the next centuries the territory of Buggiano subdued the consequences of the bloody conflicts between the two opposite poiltical factions of Guelphs (Papacy's supporters) and Ghibellines (Empire's supporters). The conflicts culminated in a violent battle between the Florentine Guelphs and the Ghibelines from Lucca, being this latter leaded by Uguccione della Faggiola, that caused the devastation the territory of Buggiano.

During the first decades of the XIV-th century the Republic of Florence started its territorial expansion, conquered the whole Valdinievola area. From then Buggiano entered the Florentine possessions, sharing the political and economic chances of Florence.

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The castle of Buggiano

During the same period started a conflict between the village belonging and the Valdinievole area and the other ones rising along the lower Valdarno area. The cause were some mills and water-gates that, keeping the water, caused the stagnation and the spreading of the marshy lands.

At the end of the XV-th century the villages of the Valdinievole area won the war that lasted for one hundred years.

During the XVI-th century Buggiano entered the Medici's Grand Dukedom, staying in up to the beginning of the XVIII-th century, when it passed to the government of the Lorena's Dukes, who held the control up to the end of the same century.

During the Lorena's domination the first important reclamation of the territory was started, thus promoting the agriculture increasing.

At the beginning of the XIX-th century the territory of Buggiano was invaded by the Napoleonic troops who occupied the whole Valdinievole area until 1814, when the French occupation ended and Buggiano entered the Tuscan Grand Dukedom, under the Lorena's government.

In 1861 Buggiano was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Buggiano we point out here the Basilica del Santissimo Crocifisso (Holiest Crucifix Basilica), the Palazzo Carozzi-Sannini (Carozzi-Sannini Palace), that is the seat of the Municipal Library, and the Castello (Castle).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Buggiano we remind the "Sausage Festival" held yearly on September, during which it is possible to taste the good typical courses, accompained with the good local wine.