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Chiesina Uzzanese

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Chiesina Uzzanese (ZIP code 51013) is 22,2 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Chiesina Uzzanese has a population of 3.983 inhabitants (Chiesinesi) and a surface of 7,24 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 550,14 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 20 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Garibaldi 8, phone ++39 0572 - 41801, fax ++39 0572 - 411034: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.chiesinauzzanese.pt.it.

Population: The municipality of Chiesina Uzzanese had a popolation of 3.934 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.983 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 1,25% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.478 families with an average of 2,69 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 15 and 24 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 9 metres.

Work and workers:There are 96 industrial firms employing 498 people that are the 40,95% of the total of the workers. There are 98 service firms employing 242 people that are the 19,90% of the total of the workers. There are also 125 firms employing 387 people that are the 31,83% of the total of the workers. There are also 27 administrative offices emplying 89 workers that are the 7,32% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.216 workers, that are the 30,53% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Chiesina Uzzanese rises along the valley extending on the left of the Pescia torrent.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, on the floriculture and on the activity of numerous industries working for the packaging, the production of furniture and in the building field.

The place name comes from the compound of "chiesina", with reference to a religious building whose around the village developed, and "uzzanese", with reference to the close locality of Uzzano, of which the village was a part for a long time.

The first settlements in the area of Chiesina Uzzanese probably go back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages but the birth of the actual village occurred around the XIII-th century, when a "Spedale" was founded as a restore point for travellers who passed through the territory.

Up to the middle of the XV-th century the territory was covered by marshy areas because of its closeness to the Marsh of Fucecchio: after the building of a bridge on the Pescia torrent, the local economy developed in the river trading activities. The bridge was named "Ponte Uzzanese" from the name of the town of Uzzano, from which Chiesina Uzzanese depended.

Between the XIV-th and XVII-th century the area started to populate but only during the XVIII-th century there was a considerable population growing. At that time population counted one thousand five hundred inhabitants.

The important impulse to the population increase was gave by Pietro Leopoldo of Lorena who in 1780 started an important work for the reclamation of the territory and the building of a channel that conveyed the raining waters to the torrent. Those interventions promoted the development of an agricultural economy that lasted even along the next century.

The village of Chiesina Uzzanese divided from the town of Uzzano to become an autonomous common after the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Chiesina Uzzanese we point out here the Chiesa Parrocchiale di Santa Maria della Neve (Saint Mary of the Snow Church) and the "Xenodochio" (Hospital).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Chiesina Uzzanese we remind the cultural festival called "Mercantia" held yearly on July and during which numerous and interesting shows take place like musical and theatrical shows in Medieval costumes and fair-markets where it is possible to admire the fine crafts produced by the local craftsmen.