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Marliana

Photo © Municipality of Marliana
Palazzo Comunale di Marliana

Marliana (ZIP code 51010) is 19,5 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Marliana has a population of 2.914 inhabitants (Marlianesi) and a surface of 42,98 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 67,80 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 469 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via della Chiesa 5, phone ++39 0572 - 69851, fax ++39 0572 - 66233: the E-Mail address is marliana@italway.it.

Population: The municipality of Marliana had a popolation of 2.405 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.914 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 21,16% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.230 families with an average of 2,37 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 158 and 1.074 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 916 metres.

Work and workers:There are 34 industrial firms employing 116 people that are the 28,43% of the total of the workers. There are 51 service firms employing 88 people that are the 21,57% of the total of the workers. There are also 60 firms employing 154 people that are the 37,75% of the total of the workers. There are also 20 administrative offices emplying 50 workers that are the 12,25% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 408 workers, that are the 14,00% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Photo © Municipality of Marliana
Chiesa San Michele

Marliana rises in the Valdinievole area.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of vegetables, fruits, olives and vine grape.

The place name probably comes from the Latin proper name of person "Marilius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added to indicate "belonging".

The first human presences in the territory of Marliana go back first to the Ligurian Age and then to the Roman Age. During some archaeological digs numerous coins came to light and dating bagk to the Roman Age.

Owing to the coming of the Barbarians to Tuscany, the whole area was left by the community. It repopulated during the Middle Ages under the protection of the close city of Pistoia.

Under the domination of Pistoia, the village of Marliana consolidated becoming one of the defensive strongholds of Pistoia along the boundary with the domains of the Republic of Lucca.

Due to its position along the above mentioned boundary, Marliana subdued numerous devastations and damages along the centuries, like that one operated by the commander Castruccio Castracani who in 1319 besieged and conquered the Castle of Marliana, also dominating the village for a short time.

During the next centuries the city of Pistoia reached to conquer its ancient domain that at the beginning of the XV-th century it had to give to the Republic of Florence, when this latter conquered first Pistoia and then annexed its all domains.

Photo © Municipality of Marliana
Ex Oratorio Compagnia

Entered the orbit of the Republic of Florence, the village of Marliana was governed first by the Medici's Grand Dukes and then by the Lorena's Dukes, during whose domination Marliana experienced a long period of political stability and economic growing.

The Florentine domination was interrupted by the French invasion occurred on the beginning of the XIX-th century and ended on 1814, when Marliana was assigned to the Tuscan Grand Dukedom, under the government of the Lorena's Dukes.

In 1861 Marliana was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Marliana we point out here the Chiesa di San Niccolò (Saint Nicholas Church), the Chiesa di Sant'Antonio Abate (Saint Anthony Abbot Church), the Chiesa di San Michele Arcangelo (Saint Michael Archangel Church) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Marliana we remind the "Public Square Festival" held on July and August and during which it is possible both to taste some good typical local courses and to attend some entertainment shows.