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Massa e Cozzile

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Massa e Cozzile

Massa e Cozzile (ZIP code 51010) is 21,9 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Massa e Cozzile has a population of 7.198 inhabitants (Massesi) and a surface of 16,01 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 449,59 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 223 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Giusfredi 7, phone ++39 0572 - 928311, fax ++39 0572 - 60357: the E-Mail address is info@comune.massa-e-cozzile.pt.it.

Population: The municipality of Massa e Cozzile had a popolation of 6.598 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 7.198 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 9,09% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 2.867 families with an average of 2,51 people per family.

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Palace Pretorio

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 16 and 775 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 759 metres.

Work and workers:There are 264 industrial firms employing 1.567 people that are the 41,39% of the total of the workers. There are 273 service firms employing 1.243 people that are the 32,83% of the total of the workers. There are also 215 firms employing 734 people that are the 19,39% of the total of the workers. There are also 36 administrative offices emplying 242 workers that are the 6,39% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 3.786 workers, that are the 52,60% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Massa e Cozzile rises on a hill placed in the Valdinievole area.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of vegetables, fruits, vine grape, olives and on the activity of numerous industries for the production of food and clothes and for the wood manufacture.

The place name comes from the compound of "Massa", coming this latter from the Latin "massa", with the meaning of "agricultural estate", and of "Cozzile", whose etimology is unknown.

The locality of Massa e Cozzile was born by the unity of the two villages, Massa and Cozzile, who were joined by an ancient Roman road, that is still walkable today.

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Porta ai Campi

The first settlements in the territory of Massa go back to the Roman Age but they consolidated just during the Early Middle Ages.

During the Middle Ages the two villages consolidated under the influence of the city of Lucca that started a great work for the fortification in order to face the incoming conflicts.

At the beginning of the XIII-th century the village of Massa reached its municipal autonomy, having also the opportunity to have its own statutes.

Since the XIV-th century a violent conflict started among the cities of Pistoia, Lucca and Florence for the quarrel of the two villages. The conflict lasted along the next two centuries and caused the recurrent devastation of the territory of the two villages.

The two localities reached a peaceful period just when, along the middle of the XVI-th century, they were annexed to the domains of the Republic of Florence that was governed by the Medici's Grand Dukes. Thanks to these latter, Massa and Cozzile experienced a long period of political stability that also promoted the economic and population increase.

During the Florentine domination the common of Massa first became a Podestà's seat and then, under the government of the Lorena's Dukes, it was added to the locality of Buggiano.

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Castle

At the beginning of the XIX-th century the territory of Massa e Cozzile was invaded by the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte that stayed until 1814, when the Congress of Vienna issued the separation of Buggiano and Massa and the union of this latter with the village of Cozzile, thus originating the autonomous common of Massa e Cozzile.

In 1861 Massa e Cozzile was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Massa e Cozzile we point out here the Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta (Our Lady of Assumption Church), the Palazzo del Podestà (Podestà's Palace), the Rocca (Fortress) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Massa e Cozzile we remind the tradizional "Massa e Cozzile's Weeks" held yearly on June and during which some entertainment shows and a fair of good local courses take place.