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Monsummano Terme

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Monsummano Terme

Monsummano Terme (ZIP code 51015) is 17,3 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Monsummano Terme has a population of 19.888 inhabitants (Monsummanesi) and a surface of 32,77 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 606,90 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 20 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza IV Novembre 1, phone ++39 0572 - 9590, fax ++39 0572 - 52283: the E-Mail address is info@comune.monsummano-terme.pt.it.

Population: The municipality of Monsummano Terme had a popolation of 18.228 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 19.888 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 9,11% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 7.208 families with an average of 2,76 people per family.

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Grotta Giusti

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 13 and 492 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 479 metres.

Work and workers:There are 794 industrial firms employing 3.272 people that are the 52,04% of the total of the workers. There are 482 service firms employing 1.029 people that are the 16,37% of the total of the workers. There are also 455 firms employing 1.362 people that are the 21,66% of the total of the workers. There are also 112 administrative offices emplying 624 workers that are the 9,93% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 6.287 workers, that are the 31,61% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Monsummano Terme rises in the Valdinievole area.

The local economy is characterized by the presence of numerous shoe making, mechanical, food and paper making industries. Monsummano Terme is also known as a fine thermal resort.

The place name probably comes from the compound of "Monte" (mount) and "Summano", coming this latter one from the Latin "sommo", with reference to the position of a castle, whose around the community of Monsummano gathered. The specification "Terme" was added in 1948 with reference to the presence of numerous thermal springs in the territory.

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Torre Castello

The Castle of Monsummano Terme was quoted for the first time in an official document dating back to 1005, when it was under the jurisdiction of the Saint Antimo Abbey.

Later the castle passed first to the Aldobrandeschi Counts and then, in 1218, to the city of Lucca that fortified it.

In 1328 Monsummano Terme entered the "Legacy of the Valdinievole" that was founded in order to contrast the territorial expansion of the city of Florence. Florence conquered the village nevertheless.

During the XIV-th century for Monsummano started a decline phase caused by spreading of the marshy lands.

In 1605, owing to the miraculous gushing of a water spring nearby a tabernacle where the Our Lady's picture was, the Grand Duke Ferdinando I of Medici made the so called Sanctuary of New Spring built, whose around the community of Monsummano Terme gathered.

At the beginning of the XVIII-th century passed by heritance to Pietro Leopoldo of Lorena.

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Villa Renatico Martini

The Lorena's domination was interrupted by the invasion of the French army, who stayed on until 1814. Since 1815 Monsummano was a part of the Tuscan Grand Dukedom up to the middle of the XIX-th century.

In the middle of the XIX-th century the thermal waters of Monsummano were discovered and from then started the first studies of the water quality and the first thermal baths were built.

In 1861 Monsummano Terme was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Monsummano Terme we point out here the Chiesa di San Nicolao (Saint Nicholas Church), the Santuario della Madonna di Fontenuova (Our Lady of the New Spring Sanctuary), the Chiesa di Cristo Redentore (Christ Redeemer Church), the Casa Giusti (Giusti's House), the Fattoria Medicea (Medici's Farm), the Grotte Termali (Thermal Caves) and the Castello di Monsummano (Castle of Monsummano).

Among famous people who were born in Monsummano Terme we remind here the famous writer Giuseppe Giusti (1809-1850).

Among the numerous celebration taking place in Monsummano Terme we point out the traditional "Medieval Festival" held yearly on September 10th and 11th. The festival consists of typical Medieval games, like horse races and fights between knights in Medieval costumes, and of some stands put on to taste the good local foods and wines.