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Piteglio

Copyright © Annette Lacroix Piteglio

Piteglio (ZIP code 51020) is 27,4 kilometers far from Pistoia, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Piteglio has a population of 1.873 inhabitants (Pitegliesi) and a surface of 50,08 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 37,40 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 698 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Casanuova, phone ++39 0573 - 69048, fax ++39 0573 - 69028: the E-Mail address is info@comune.piteglio.pt.it.

Population: The municipality of Piteglio had a popolation of 2.034 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.873 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -7,92% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 867 families with an average of 2,16 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 340 and 1.475 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.135 metres.

Work and workers:There are 56 industrial firms employing 180 people that are the 44,33% of the total of the workers. There are 40 service firms employing 60 people that are the 14,78% of the total of the workers. There are also 49 firms employing 128 people that are the 31,53% of the total of the workers. There are also 23 administrative offices emplying 38 workers that are the 9,36% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 406 workers, that are the 21,68% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Piteglio rises on a high position in the valley of the Lima river.

The local economy is mainly based on the activity of numerous making paper industries and on tourism, thanks both to the beauty of the places and the surrounding landscapes and also the presence of numerous and qualified fine hotels.

The place name probably comes from the Latin proper name of person "Petillius" or "Petellius".

The first settlements in the territory of Piteglio go back to the Roman Age. At that time the area was populated by the Ligurians whom in order to contrast the Romans' coming, built around the II-th century B.C. a little military fortress.

The village is quoted for the first time in an official document dating back to the XII-th century and testifying the existence of a fortress in its territory.

During the Middle Ages the village passed to the jurisdiction of the Guidi's Counts of Modigliana who dominated Piteglio until the XIII-th century.

Later the village passed to the hegemony of the city of Pistoia that granted it the municipal autonomy, so that Piteglio could have its own statutes.

During the second half of the XIII-th century Piteglio was added to the "Captainship of the High Mountain". This latter was quarrelled for a long between the two families of Panciatichi and Cancellieri.

Thus Piteglio subdued the consequences of those conflicts that ended just in the XVI-th century.

At that time the Republic of Florence, starting its policy of territorial expansion, conquered the city of Pistoia and annexed its domains to its own coutryside.

By coming the Medici's Grand Dukes to the power, the whole area was pacificated so that the community of Piteglio could start to develop its local economy, based on the wooded resources, from which abondant wood and food came.

The Medici's domination lasted up to the beginning of the XVIII-th century when, by dieing the last Medici's direct descendant, the Lorena's Dukes came to the power.

In 1774, according to the plan aiming to organized the territory wanted by Pietro Leopoldo of Lorena, the localities of Calamecca, Crespole, Lanciole and Popiglio were united in an only administration, whose town hall was Piteglio.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Piteglio we point out here the Chiesa di San Bartolomeo in Lanciole (Saint Bartholomew Church in Lanciole), the Parrocchiale di Santa Maria Assunta (Saint Mary of the Assumption Parish), the Pieve della Santissima Annunziata (Holiest Our Lady Parish) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Piteglio we remind the "Feast of the Sweet Flour" held yearly on the first days of April and during which it is possible to taste the good courses based on sweet flour (chestnuts flour) cooked according to the local ancient recipes.