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Asciano

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Asciano (ZIP code 53041) is 28,7 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Asciano has a population of 6.468 inhabitants (Ascianesi) and a surface of 215,6 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 30,00 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 200 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Corso Matteotti 45, phone ++39 0577 - 71441, fax ++39 0577 - 719517: the E-Mail address is urp@comune.asciano.siena.it.

Population: The municipality of Asciano had a popolation of 6.210 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 6.468 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 4,15% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 2.529 families with an average of 2,56 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 148 and 464 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 316 metres.

Work and workers:There are 140 industrial firms employing 844 people that are the 50,21% of the total of the workers. There are 123 service firms employing 251 people that are the 14,93% of the total of the workers. There are also 136 firms employing 399 people that are the 23,74% of the total of the workers. There are also 46 administrative offices emplying 187 workers that are the 11,12% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.681 workers, that are the 25,99% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Asciano rises on a hill in the valley of the Ombrone river.

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The local economy is mainly based on agricultural activities and on breeding. Remarkable is also the industrial manufacture of metals, travertine and marble.

The place name comes from the Latin proper name "Axius" and later was added to the name the suffix "-anus" with the reference to the rural land.

The first settlements in the territory of Asciano go back to the Etruscan Age, as testified by the finds about a necropolis dating back to the V-th century B. C..

During the Middle Ages the village of Asciano was quarrelled for a long by the bishops of the two powerful cities of Siena and Arezzo, who wanted to spread their jurisdiction up to the Parish of Asciano, whose building went back to the Longbard domination.

In IX-th century Asciano became feudal property of the Cacciaconti-Scialenga Counts, whose control on the village lasted up to the end of XII-th century. Then Asciano passed to the city of Siena that elevated the village to the rank of vicarage and fortified it by building a ring of walls.

During the XIII-th century Asciano was under the Tolomeiís domination but after a short period, the village came back to the Sienaís jurisdiction until 1554.

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After the Sienaís domination Asciano entered the Mediciís Grand Dukedom and from then the town got an increasing economic importance thanks to the development of the agricultural production of cereals, oil and wine and of the artisan manufacture of leather and pottery.

The Mediciís domination lasted until the beginning of the XVIII-th century, when the last Mediciís descendent died, the Lorenaís Dukes succeeded him. They held their control on Asciano up to the French domination.

In 1861 Asciano was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Asciano we point out here the Basilica di SantíAgata (Saint Agata Basilica), the Chiesa di San Francesco (Saint Francis Church), the Chiesa di SantíAgostino (Saint Augustine Church), the Castello di Gallico (Gallicoís Castle), the Castello di Leolina (Leolinaís castle), the Torre di SantíAlberto (Saint Albert Tower) and the Palazzo Corboli (Corboli Palace), today the palace hosts the "Archaeological and Holy Art Museum".

Among many celebrations periodically taking place in Asciano we point out here the traditional "Mercatino delle Crete Naturalia" (Market of the Naturalia Clays) held on second Sunday of each month. During the celebration it is possible to taste some typical foods and admire the famous artisan local production and antiques.