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Castellina in Chianti

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Castellina in Chianti (ZIP code 53011) is 21,1 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Castellina in Chianti has a population of 2.666 inhabitants (Castellinesi) and a surface of 99,48 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 26,80 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 578 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Viale Rimembranza 14, phone ++39 0577 - 742311, fax ++39 0577 - 742355: the E-Mail address is segreteria@comune.castellina.si.it.

Population: The municipality of Castellina in Chianti had a popolation of 2.508 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.666 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 6,30% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.010 families with an average of 2,64 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 177 and 632 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 455 metres.

Work and workers:There are 58 industrial firms employing 295 people that are the 26,67% of the total of the workers. There are 79 service firms employing 164 people that are the 14,83% of the total of the workers. There are also 130 firms employing 535 people that are the 48,37% of the total of the workers. There are also 34 administrative offices emplying 112 workers that are the 10,13% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.106 workers, that are the 41,49% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Castellina in Chianti rises in the very heart of the Chianti region.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of the famous Chianti wine. Castellina in Chianti is also known as a tourist and holiday resort both for the beauty of its landscapes and monuments and for the quality of its hotels.

The place name comes from the feminine diminutive of "Castello" (castle) and the specification "Chianti", coming from the Etruscan word "Clanti".

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The first settlements in the area of Castellina in Chianti go back to the Etruscan Age, as the numerous archaeological finds testify, among them we remind here an artesian well and a necropolis.

Since the XI-th century the village of Castellina in Chianti is quoted in some official documents. At that time it was subdued to the jurisdiction of the noblemen of the close locality of Castello del Trebbio and the village was also a guild of the Guidi Counts.

During the XII-th century Castellina in Chianti got an important role as a strategic and military place by rising on the boundary of the important cities of Florence and Siena. Both cities quarreled for a long the village that lastly was conquered by the Florentines.

At the end of the XIV-th century the territory of Castellina in Chianti was the theatre of a bloody struggle that involved Florence and the Milan Dukedom, being this latter allied with the city of Siena. After the war the territory of Castellina in Chianti was so ruined that Florence had to rebuild and fortify the whole village.

In 1478, while Florence was involved in the Pazzi's conspiracy, Giuliano da Sanagallo was sent to Castellina in Chianti in order to complete the fortification of the village.

During the XIV-th century the village lost gradually its military importance developing rural activities that were further promoted at the end of the XVIII-th century by the Lorena's Dukes, who started a great work for the reclamation of the territory.

The period of the Lorena's domination lasted for a long, with the only interruption of the French invasion occurred on the beginning of the XIX-th century.

In 1861 Castellina in Chianti was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Castellina in Chianti we point out here the Chiesa Parrocchiale di Sant'Agnese (Saint Agnes Parish Church), the Pieve di San Leonino (Saint Leonino Parish), the Palazzo dei Bianciardi (Bianciardi's Palace), the Palazzo dei Segni-Straccali (Segni-Straccali's Palace) and the remains of the Medieval village.

Among famous people who were born in Castellina in Chianti we remind here the famous painter and writer Ardengo Soffici (1879-1964).

There are numerous celebrations yearly taking place in Castellina in Chianti: we point out here the traditional "vine and crafstmanship fair" held on Whit Sunday when some shows take place all night long.