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Gaiole in Chianti
Gaiole in Chianti (ZIP code 53013) is 27,5 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Gaiole in Chianti has a population of 2.333 inhabitants (Gaiolesi) and a surface of 128,9 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 18,10 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 360 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Via Ricasoli 3, phone ++39 0577 - 74471, fax ++39 0577 - 744740: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Gaiole in Chianti had a popolation of 2.309 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.333 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 1,04% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 944 families with an average of 2,47 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 224 and 838 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 614 metres.
Work and workers:There are 62 industrial firms employing 414 people that are the 45,54% of the total of the workers. There are 44 service firms employing 91 people that are the 10,01% of the total of the workers. There are also 80 firms employing 227 people that are the 24,97% of the total of the workers. There are also 29 administrative offices emplying 177 workers that are the 19,47% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 909 workers, that are the 38,96% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Gaiole in Chianti rises in the Chianti region.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals and fine wines and on the activity of numerous food making and textile industries.
The etymology of the place name is not clear: according to some people it could come from the Medieval word "gariola" that means "jay", whereas according to other ones it refers to the name "Carianus", coming this latter from the Latin proper name of person "Carius". The specification "Chianti" was added in 1911 with reference to the position of town in the homonymous area.
The first settlements in the area of Gaiole in Chianti go back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages, as testified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light like a necropolis dating back to the I-III-th century A. C..
The village of Gaiole in Chianti consolidated during the Middle Ages along the close Massellone torrent.
Between the XI-th and XIV-th century Gaiole in Chianti passed first to the jurisdiction of the Ricasoli's family and then to the Republic of Florence. This latter started an important work for the fortification of the village.
During the XIII-th century occurred the development of the village as a market, enormously increasing its importance so to become one of the town halls of "terziere" (each land of the three ones in which the town is divided) belonging to the "Legacy of Chianti".
Once entered the Florentine orbit, Gaiole in Chianti was fortified for being at the boundary between the two republics of Florence and Siena, becoming one of the most important Florentine stronghold.
For its strategic position the village of Gaiole in Chianti subdued attacks by the army of Siena who devastated its territory during the struggle fought between the two republics, lasted until 1555, when occurred the collapse of the Republic of Siena and Gaiole in Chianti was annexed to the Tuscan Grand Dukedom.
From then started a period of peace and political stability with the government of the Medici's Grand Dukes, who started a great work for the reclamation of the territory in order to promote the increase of the agricultural productions and especially the vine production.
In the middle of the XVIII-th century, by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power, the "Legacy of Chianti", of which Gaiole in Chianti was part, was abolished whereas the village was elevated to the rank of autonomous common.
After the French invasion of the territory occurred on the beginning of the XIX-th century, Gaiole in Chianti was annexed in 1815 to the Tuscan Grand Dukedom.
In 1861 Gaiole in Chianti was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Gaiole in Chianti we point out here the Pieve di Santa Maria a Spaltenna (Saint Mary Church in Spaltenna), the Castello di Brolio (Brolio Castle) and the Castello di Meleto (Meleto Castle).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Gaiole in Chianti we remind here the "Bruschetta Festival" (the bruschetta is a toasted bread flavoured with fresh tomatoes and cheese) held yearly in the middle of September, during which it is possible to taste some fine typical courses.