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Monteriggioni

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Monteriggioni (ZIP code 53035) is 3,9 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Monteriggioni has a population of 7.877 inhabitants (Monteriggionesi) and a surface of 99,46 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 79,20 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 200 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Cassia Nord 150, phone ++39 0577 - 306607, fax ++39 0577 - 307828: the E-Mail address is info@comune.monteriggioni.si.it.

Population: The municipality of Monteriggioni had a popolation of 7.134 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 7.877 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 10,41% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 3.028 families with an average of 2,60 people per family.

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The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 175 and 671 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 496 metres.

Work and workers:There are 230 industrial firms employing 1.932 people that are the 48,41% of the total of the workers. There are 231 service firms employing 757 people that are the 18,97% of the total of the workers. There are also 252 firms employing 837 people that are the 20,97% of the total of the workers. There are also 48 administrative offices emplying 465 workers that are the 11,65% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 3.991 workers, that are the 50,67% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Monteriggioni rises along the valley of Elsa.

The local economy is mainly based on the agricultural activities of the cultivation of cereals and on the vine production. Remarkable are also the breeding and the industrial activities in the following fields: oenological, food, chemical, furniture and steel industries. Several artisan factories manufacture the potter’s clay, wood and marble.

The place name probably comes from the Latin phrase "Mons Regis" that literally means "King’s Mountain" and refers to some "Longbard King’s properties".

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The first settlements in the area of Monteriggioni go back to the Etruscan and Roman Age but the official history of the town started around the XII-th century when the village was under the jurisdiction of the Staggia’s Lords, who founded the Abbey of Abbadia a Isola.

The building of a castle and of a ring of walls, today still visible, occurred on the XIII-th century by the will of the Republic of Siena that, controlling the territory of Monteriggioni, made it a stronghold for its strategic position along the boundary with the rival Republic of Florence.

During the XIV-th century Monteriggioni subdued numerous incursions by the Florentine army caused by the rivalry between the two powerful cities of Siena and Florence.

In 1554, owing to the treason of the captain Giovannino Zeti, the castel of Monteriggioni was conquered by the Imperial army leaded by the Marquis of Maragliano, who besieged also the Republic of Siena that was constricted to give up and subdue to the Florentine Republic.

Monteriggioni thus entered the Florentine domains and under the Florentine domination the town started to develop its economy that was mainly based on agricultural and pastoral activities.

The Florentine domination lasted up to the coming of the Lorena’s Dukes to the power, occurred on the XVIII-th century. The Lorena’s policy gave a great impulse to the population and economic growing of the town.

The Lorena’s domination was interrupted by the French invasion occurred on the first decade of the XIX-th century.

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In 1861 Monteriggioni was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Monteriggioni we point out here the Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista (Saint John Evangelist Church), the Pieve di Santa Maria Assunta (Saint Mary’s Assumption Parish), the ancient ring of walls and the towers.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Monteriggioni we remind here the traditional Medieval celebration called "Monteriggioni di torri si corona" (Monteriggioni circles itself of towers) held yearly on July. The celebration evokes the Middle Ages way of living and consist of a typical Medieval market where it is possible to see craftsmen, merchants, jesters, minstrels and jugglers.