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Piancastagnaio (ZIP code 53025) is 83,5 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Piancastagnaio has a population of 4.189 inhabitants (Pianesi) and a surface of 69,7 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 60,10 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 772 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Viale A. Gramsci 55, phone ++39 0577 - 786024, fax ++39 0577 - 786711: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Piancastagnaio had a popolation of 4.401 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 4.189 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -4,82% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 1.679 families with an average of 2,49 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 300 and 1.098 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 798 metres.
Work and workers:There are 144 industrial firms employing 1.097 people that are the 55,83% of the total of the workers. There are 148 service firms employing 300 people that are the 15,27% of the total of the workers. There are also 121 firms employing 395 people that are the 20,10% of the total of the workers. There are also 33 administrative offices emplying 173 workers that are the 8,80% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 1.965 workers, that are the 46,91% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Piancastagnaio rises on the south-eastern side of the Amiata mount.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits, vine grape, olives and on tourism, thanks both to the beauty of the places and to the presence of numerous and qualified hotels.
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The place name probably comes from the compound of "piano", with the meaning of a "plain place", and of "castagnaio", coming this latter from the Latin "castanea", with reference to the plenty of chestnut-trees in the territory.
The foundation of the village of Piancastagnaio occurred during the Early Middle Ages. Since the beginning it was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Aldobrandeschi, who built an imposing fortress, that is still visible today.
During the next centuries the village of Piancastagnaio was quarrelled among the Aldobrandeschi's family, the monks of the close Saint Salvatore Abbey and the Visconti's family.
During the XII-th century the city of Orvieto first extended its influence on the village and then at the beginning of the next century annexed it to its domains.
Since the middle of the XIV-th century the village of Piancastagnaio was quarrelled between the Republic of Siena and the city of Orvieto up to the beginnig of the next century, Siena annexed the village to its countryside.
Piancastagnaio entered the "Captainship of Radicofani", remaining in such condition up to the middle of the XVI-th century, when the Republic of Florence, after having defeated the city of Siena, annexed Piancastagnaio to its domains.
From then started the domination of the Medici's Grand Dukes, who already governed Florence. At the beginning of the XVII-th century Ferdinando I of Medici gave the village of Piancastagnaio as a feud to Giovanni Battista Bourbon del Monte.
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Some years later, by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power at the beginning of the XVIII-th century, the feudalism was abolished. In 1776 Pietro Leopoldo of Lorena elevated the village of Piancastagnaio to the rank of autonomous common, having its own statutes.
The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Piancastagnaio we point out here the Chiesa di San Bartolomeo (Saint Bartholomew Church), the Santuario della Madonna di San Pietro (Saint Peter's Our Lady Sanctuary), the Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta (Saint Mary of the Assumption Church), the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace) and the Rocca Aldobrandesca (Aldobrandeschi's Fortress).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Piancastagnaio we remind the traditional "Chestnut Festival" held yearly on November 1st and during which it is possible to taste the fine local courses made by chestnuts, accompanied by the fine good local wine.