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Radda in Chianti
Radda in Chianti (ZIP code 53017) is 33,5 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Radda in Chianti has a population of 1.668 inhabitants (Raddesi) and a surface of 80,58 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 20,70 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 530 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Piazza F. Ferrucci 1, phone ++39 0577 - 783791, fax ++39 0577 - 738062: the E-Mail address is email@example.com.
Population: The municipality of Radda in Chianti had a popolation of 1.633 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.668 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 2,14% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 680 families with an average of 2,45 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 283 and 845 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 562 metres.
Work and workers:There are 83 industrial firms employing 461 people that are the 51,68% of the total of the workers. There are 63 service firms employing 101 people that are the 11,32% of the total of the workers. There are also 80 firms employing 237 people that are the 26,57% of the total of the workers. There are also 21 administrative offices emplying 93 workers that are the 10,43% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 892 workers, that are the 53,48% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Radda in Chianti rises on a hill placed between the valley of the Pesa river and the valley of the Arbia river, along the Chianti area.
The local economy is mainly based on the agricultural production, on the breeding of bovines and on the activity of numerous industries for clothes and furnitures production. Remarkable are the olive oil and Chianti wines coming from Radda in Chianti.
The place name comes from the compound of "Radda", coming this latter from the German proper name of person "Radi" or "Rada", to which in 1911 the specification "Chianti" was added, coming this latter from the Etruscan proper name of person "Clanti" and referring to the area where the town rises.
The first settlements in the area of Radda in Chianti go back to the Etruscan Age, as testified by the numerous archaeological finds coming to light and dating back to that time. The real consolidation of the village occurred during the Middle Ages.
From the XI-th century Radda in Chianti is quoted in some official documents testifying the presence of a castle, being this latter under the jurisdiction of the Florentine Abbey.
At the same time the community of Radda in Chianti started to develop its economy, mainly based on rural activites: the olive-trees and the vineyards were the main economic resources, from which the community derived its richness. Later the community also developed the artisan activities for the manufacturing of linen and hemp.
At the beginning of the XIII-th century the village was bought by the noble family of the Guidi Counts who held the control of Radda in Chianti up to the end of the same century. By ending an existing quarrel between the Guidi Counts and the Republic of Florence, this latter conquered the village and annexed it to the Florentine countryside.
From then Radda in Chianti was under the political jurisdiction of the city of Florence that along the next centuries carried out a great work for the fortification of the village. This latter first became a "terziere" (name of each of the three areas in which the territory was administratively divided) of the Florentine countryside and then at the end of the XIV-th century a Podestà's seat of the same legacy.
During the Florentine domination the village reached a great economic importance. From the XV-th century the Medici's Grand Dukes embellished the town both by building elegant palaces and by restoring the existing buildings.
Being a Podestà's seat, Radda in Chianti was equipped with its own statutes, but only in the XVIII-th century, by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power, the village was elevated to the rank of autonomous common. At that time the village started to form in its actual territorial shape.
The Lorena's domination, interrupted at the beginning of the XIX-th century by the invasion of the territory operated by the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, lasted up to the annexing of Radda in Chianti to the Reign of Italy by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Radda in Chianti we point out here the Pieve di San Giusto in Salcio (Saint Giusto in Salcio Parish), the Pieve di San Polo in Rosso (Saint Polo in Rocco Parish), the Palazzo del Podestà (Podestà's Palace) and the Convento di San Martino al Prato (Saint Martin at the Grass Convent).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Radda in Chianti we remind here the traditional "Wine Feast" held yearly on March and on April and the "Vintage Feast" held yearly on September. During the two celebrations it is possible to taste the good wines coming from the local valuable vineyards.