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San Casciano dei Bagni

Photo © Proloco San Casciano dei Bagni
San Casciano dei Bagni

San Casciano dei Bagni (ZIP code 53040) is 99,9 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

San Casciano dei Bagni has a population of 1.745 inhabitants (Sancascianesi) and a surface of 91,84 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 19,00 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 582 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Della Repubblica 4, phone ++39 0578 - 58027, fax ++39 0578 - 58178: the E-Mail address is info@comune.sancascianodeibagni.siena.it.

Population: The municipality of San Casciano dei Bagni had a popolation of 1.977 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.745 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -11,73% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 739 families with an average of 2,36 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 270 and 795 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 525 metres.

Work and workers:There are 48 industrial firms employing 199 people that are the 41,20% of the total of the workers. There are 36 service firms employing 55 people that are the 11,39% of the total of the workers. There are also 64 firms employing 169 people that are the 34,99% of the total of the workers. There are also 15 administrative offices emplying 60 workers that are the 12,42% of the total of the workers.

Photo © Proloco San Casciano dei Bagni
The church of Sant`Antonio

There is a total of 483 workers, that are the 27,68% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

San Casciano dei Bagni rises along the southern slopes of the Cetona mount.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vine grape, olives, on the breeding of ovines, on the activity of numerous industries producing building materials ans on the thermal tourism, promoted this latter from the beauty of the places and from the presence of famous thermal springs and of numerous and fine qualified hotels.

The place name comes from the name of an ancient church entitled to Saint Casciana, to which the specification "Bagni" (baths) was added to indicate the presence of some thermal baths in the territory.

The origins of the village of San Casciano dei Bagni go back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages, when the first thermal baths were built.

During the Roman Age the locality was known not only for the beneficial properties of its sulphuric and alkaline water springs but also for the flourishing trading activities that there took place, thanks to its position close to the so called "Via Cassia".

After the collpase of the Roman Empire the whole area depopulated because of the recurrent Barbaric invasions and repopulated during the Early Middle Ages around a previously built castle that was under the jurisdiction of the Saint Salvatore Abbey.

During the first years of the XIII-th century the property of the castle passed to the Visconti's family of Campiglia, as testified by an imperial act issued in 1226 by Federico II.

At the same time the ancient road was diverted to San Casciano dei Bagni that got a good profit from this.

After different political events involving the Visconti's family of Campiglia, in the middle of the XIV-th century this latter divided the family into two different branchs and the new lord of San Casciano dei Bagni gave the village to the Republic of Siena.

The period of the domination of Siena coincided with the beginning of a serie of bloody conflicts for the quarrel of the village, being this latter invaded and devasted first by the troops of Niccolò Piccinino and then by those one of Vitellozzo Vitelli.

That situation contributed to the collapse of the Republic of Siena that occurred on the XVI-th century. It was caused by a siege excuted by the troops of the Medici's Grand Dukedom, being this latter allied with the imperial troops.

In the middle of the same century all the domains of Siena, among them also San Casciano dei Bagni, entered the possessions of the Republic of Florence, under the Medici's Grand Dukes.

During the Medici's domination the thermal baths were restored and the thermal activity was restarted and promoted. During the next century the reforms acted by the Lorena's Dukes gave an additional impulse to the economy of the village.

Photo © Proloco San Casciano dei Bagni
Collegiata di San Leonardo

The Lorena's Dukes came to the power at the beginning of the XVIII-th century and started to restore both the thermal baths and the urban buildings.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in San Casciano dei Bagni we point out here the Chiesa Basilicale (Basilic Church), the Collegiata di San Casciano (Saint Casciano Collegiate Church), the Oratorio di Sant'Antonio (Saint Anthony Oratory) and the Terme (Thermal Baths).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in San Casciano dei Bagni we remind the traditional "Ciaffagnone Festival" held yearly on the first Sunday of June and during which it is possible to taste the "ciaffagnone", a fritter based on "caciocavallo" cheese cooked according the ancient traditional recipes.