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San Giovanni d`Asso
San Giovanni d`Asso (ZIP code 53020) is 45,8 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
San Giovanni d`Asso has a population of 903 inhabitants (Sangiovannesi) and a surface of 66,4 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 13,60 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 310 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Via XX Settembre 15, phone ++39 0577 - 803101, fax ++39 0577 - 803203: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of San Giovanni d`Asso had a popolation of 938 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 903 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -3,73% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 396 families with an average of 2,28 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 149 and 557 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 408 metres.
Work and workers:There are 22 industrial firms employing 67 people that are the 35,08% of the total of the workers. There are 20 service firms employing 32 people that are the 16,75% of the total of the workers. There are also 32 firms employing 77 people that are the 40,31% of the total of the workers. There are also 11 administrative offices emplying 15 workers that are the 7,85% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 191 workers, that are the 21,15% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
San Giovanni d'Asso rises in the very heart of the "Crete Senesi" area, along the course of the Asso torrent.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, grapes, mulberries, olives and on the cattle breeding. Very remarkable is the famous and valuable local white truffle.
The place name comes from that one of a church that was fouded and entitled to Sain John Baptist (San Giovanni d'Asso is like Saint John of Asso). Later the specification "Asso" was added, with reference to the torrent along which the village rises.
The birth of the village of San Giovanni d'Asso and its consolidation occurred during the Middle Ages, when a first church was built and entitled to Saint John Baptist, whose around the community gathered and built its houses.
Since the XII-th century San Giovanni d'Asso was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Count Paltonieri di Forteguerra, belonging this latter to a local feudal family. His family held the control of the village up to the next century.
In the middle of the XIII-th century many Lordships imposed their influence on the village, first the Buonsignori's one, then the Salimbeni's one and later the Petroni's one. At that time the village reached its municipal autonomy but during the XV-th century its territory was annexed to the domains of the so called "Spedale della Scala" and transformed into a fortified farm.
In the middle of the next century the village of San Giovanni d'Asso was under the jurisdicion of the city of Siena: from then started for the village a period of political instability caused by alterning different feudal families to the power like the Ugolino Scolari's one and the Ardengheschi of Civitella's one.
During the domination of Siena the village was restored and fortified in order to face the hostile attacks carried on by the close towns, wanting this latter to conquer and annex the town to their domains.
In the middle of the XVI-th century the Republic of Florence started its territorial expansion and besieged and conquered the city of Siena thus annexing all its domains to its own countryside.
During the Florentine domination the village of San Giovanni d'Asso was governed first by the Medici's Grand Dukes, who restored the whole town, and then by the Lorena's Dukes, who started an important work for the reclamation of the territory, thus promoting the development of a rural economy, based on olive-trees and vineyards.
The Lorena's domination was interrupted by the invasion of the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte that occupied the territory until 1814, when San Giovanni d'Asso came back again to the Lorena's Dukes under the Tuscan Grand Dukedom.
In 1861 San Giovanni d'Asso was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in San Giovanni d'Asso we point out here the Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Church), the Chiesa di San Pietro in Villore (Saint Peter in Villore Church) and the Castello (Castle).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in San Giovanni d'Asso we remind the "Exhibit of the White Truffle" held yearly on November, during which it is possible to admire the famous typical white truffles.